Elementary

ELEMENTARY

It is Foothill Oaks Academy’s objective for students to learn the following skills beginning in first grade and progressing through fifth grade:
Reading, Literature, Handwriting, Writing Skills, Language, Spelling, Geography, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, Art, Technology, Music, Drama, Foreign Language, Physical Education

Reading 
  • Increase fluency
  • Further develop rhythmic reading and oral reading with expression
  • Decode words at grade level
  • Expand vocabulary
  • Identify sequence of facts within text and demonstrate comprehension by the ability to answer factual, sequential, main idea and inferential questions
  • Utilize table of contents and glossary
  • Alphabetize
  • Develop keyword and titling skills, leading to better comprehension and the development of outlining skills
  • Learn to summarize information read
  • Write a book report including character description, plot and main idea, setting and climax
  • Recognize and appreciate fiction, non-fiction, fables, fairy tales and autobiographies
  • Learn the value of educational and recreational reading
Literature 
To gain an appreciation for classical and contemporary literature, each year students read several books together in class with the guidance and direction of the teacher. Those selections include works such as:
  • Beatrix Potter’s delightful Peter Rabbit and other stories
  • Old Mother West Wind and Old Mother West Winds Children
  • The Fairy Tales
  • Black Beauty
  • Bambi
  • Swiss Family Robinson
  • Island of the Blue Dolphins
  • Sign of the Beaver
  • The Wind and the Willows
Children’s poetry resources provide poems which are taught orally in the classroom, emphasizing rhythm and expression. Each class learns a minimum of nine poems each school year and looks forward to reciting them for their classmates at morning assembly.

Handwriting 
  • Holds pencil correctly
  • Prints letters correctly
  • Practice appropriate placement of letters on the lines and understand spacing
  • Experience cursive writing in first grade and transition to use in second grade when all letter formation is learned and proficiency at connecting letters is achieved
  • Understand use of spacing, columns, and margins
Writing Skills 
  • Move from writing simple but complete sentences to short, cohesive paragraphs with related sentences in a logical sequence
  • Write essays, compare & contrast, opinion and narratives
  • Recognize subject and verb agreement
  • Identify simple, declarative, interrogative, exclamatory and imperative sentences
  • Learn and applies punctuation and capitalization
  • Learn proper sentence and paragraph structure
  • Experience creative writing with paragraph patterns
  • Create compositions following a structure to aid in expressing ideas clearly
  • Apply writing skills to research and other projects
Language 
  • Recognize and identify parts of speech (all 8 by 4th grade)
  • Identify phrases and clauses
  • Understand the use of punctuation
  • Master verb tenses and be able to conjugate regular and irregular verbs
  • Be familiar with antonyms and synonyms
  • Understand grammar as a tool for comprehension and written and oral expression
  • Further develop an understanding of language structure through dictation and recall of paragraphs related to grade level studies
  • Enable children to express themselves in English with confidence, both verbally and in writing
Spelling 
  • Develop an understanding of phonics, word attack skills, and spelling rules including those that apply to words of foreign origin, through application of the Carden Chart in grades one through three
  • Build understanding of application through daily workbook assignments, exercises included in the vocabulary workbooks, reinforced by weekly spelling tests
  • Spell words correctly in daily application
  • Understand how to apply suffixes and prefixes correctly
  • Develop dictation skills and be able to apply spelling rules
Geography 
  • Learn the location of continents, countries, states within the United States, capital cities in the United States, mountain ranges, major oceans, rivers and waterways
  • Study the geography of California, North America, South America and Western Europe
  • Understand and appreciate how the geography of a region influences history
Mathematics 
  • Manipulative curriculum in first & second grade establishes a firm foundation of processes such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division facts. Also, experiencing concepts such as comparing and ordering numbers, graphing, patterns, measurements, time, money, geometric shapes, word problems, and area and perimeter
  • Continuing in third through fifth grade, student refine the basic math operations while experiencing numbers through expanded notation, prime composite numbers, mental math, exponents, decimals, fractions, mixed numbers, percentages, negative numbers, square root, geometric formulas, and eventually multi-step equations, statistics and probability
  • Learn to set up problems, solve, and justify reasoning
  • Understand that showing work in math is essential
Science 
Develop skills such as observing, describing and classifying. Learn through reading and discussing grade appropriate materials covering earth science, life science, and physical science, also participating in hands-on experiments. First through fifth grade science units include:
  • Kinds of Living Things 
  • Keeping Fit and Healthy
  • Liquids and Gases
  • Weather and Seasons
  • Life Cycles
  • What Makes Me Sick?
  • Energy and Motion
  • Earth’s Materials
  • Roles of Living Things
  • Matter , Energy, and Forces
  • Sun, Moon, and Earth
  • Earth’s Resources
  • Population and Ecosystems
  • Magnetism and Electricity
  • Earth’s Land and the Solid Earth
  • Water and Conservation
  • Weather and Climate
Social Studies 
In first and second grade:
  • Study material is based on the study of people, particularly covering customs, traditions and symbols the United States. Contrasting life today with that of the past, children explore their own family backgrounds and heritage. 
  • Begin to learn how to research and write short reports
  • Learn beginning map skills
  • Study important American leaders and appreciate their accomplishments and impact on history.
  • Gain understanding of the duties and privileges of citizenship, including voting and elections
  • Begin learning about California
In third through fifth grade:
  • Explore culture, beliefs and daily life of some Native American peoples
  • Study the Age of Exploration
  • Refine map skills and be able to read and understand graphs
  • Learn California history, geography, and symbols
  • Cover the period of history covering colonization through the Revolutionary War
  • Identification of major regions of the United States
  • Study American presidents
  • Gain appreciation for diversity of cultures and its impact on history
  • Learn about U.S. government
  • Become more aware of current events
  • Expand research skills through curriculum based reports
Art 
  • Gain an appreciation for art through the study of paintings and artists, observations and discussions of appropriate grade level art
  • Experience the various art mediums and learn drawing techniques
  • Use art as a tool to: Exercise imagination, develop concentration, and build self confidence through individual accomplishment
Technology 
In first and second Grade:
  • Develop a basic knowledge of the computer
  • Develop good keyboarding skills
  • Receive instruction in word processing, graphics, database, spreadsheets, desktop publishing, and telecommunications/internet through age appropriate curriculum, transitioning from Scholastic Keys to Microsoft Office Suite during second grade
In third through fifth grade:
  • Learn proper and logical application of the computer and other technologies
  • Further refine keyboarding skills
  • Receive more in-depth instruction in word processing, graphics, database, spreadsheets, desktop publishing, and telecommunications/internet through age appropriate curriculum, with Microsoft Office Suite
  • Receive instruction in digital photography and its applications
Music 
  • Focus on four objectives: singing, listening, moving, and creating
  • Learn unison singing with limited range, basic beats on percussion instruments and beginning line notation
  • Study rhythm, note value and vocal skills with emphasis on the enjoyment of music
  • Study basic accompaniment, learn two-part harmony, learn more complex rhythms
  • Experience music appreciation
  • Study syncopated rhythms, patterns, basic accompaniment, and higher level harmony
  • Receive instruction on the recorder
  • Participate in all-school music presentations and programs
Drama 
  • Develop voice projections, creative expression and basic drama skills
  • Receive instructions in articulation
  • Learn about stage presence while being introduced to the various aspects of stage production
  • Participate in all school drama presentations, in class skits, and vignettes
Foreign Language - French 
  • Expand speaking vocabulary such as greetings, animals, colors, shapes, family members, clothing, household items, descriptions
  • Enjoy songs and games
  • Learn conversational skills through an immersion approach
  • Begin to develop writing skills
  • Further develop writing skills, while gaining an understanding of language structure and grammar
  • Learn about the French culture, customs, and traditions
Physical Education 
At each grade level, activities are designed to promote muscle development, increase physical stamina, and ensure physical fitness appropriate for that age. Through exercise, games, sports, stretching techniques, basic yoga, and instruction on how their body works, children acquire the knowledge and awareness of the need to stay fit. The Presidential Fitness Program is used to help students monitor their activity level and strive for health and fitness.
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